Skip to main content

What are Calories? and Nutrition Facts

The general definition to calories is given as
Unit of Heat Energy.
The energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water through 1 °C (now usually defined as 4.1868 joules).
The energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 KG(kilogram) of water through 1 °C, equal to one thousand small calories and often used to measure the energy value of foods.



We all know "Fat" provides energy to the body. Alcohol  is not a nutrient,  but it also provide energy when metabolized by the body. In   addition to providing energy carbohydrate, protein and fat build   have other roles in building and maintaining   body tissues and regulating body functions. Vitamins,   minerals and water do not provide energy.

Calories are a measure of the amount of energy provided from food. Fats provide nine calories per gram, and carbohydrates and proteins provide four calories per gram.   Alcohol provides seven calories per gram. The amount of energy a food provides depends on how much carbohydrate, far and protein in contains. Most foods contain all three of these nutrients, as well as vitamins, minerals, water and other compounds.

Individuals have different calorie needs.An average men requires 2500 calories per day and average women 2000 calories per day. Someone who usually sticks to the desk for 6 to 8 hours per day would need more calories if they were physically active on the weekends.

Calorie balance occurs when calories IN TAKE= calories OUT SPEND. If calories IN >calories OUT, weight gain occurs. If calories IN < OUT, weight loss occurs. There are approximately 3,500 calories in one pound of body fat.

Estimating Daily Calorie Needs

1. Estimate basal metabolism calorie needs
a. Women


 weight in pounds X 10 = basal metabolism calories
b. Men

weight in pounds X 11 =basal metabolism calories


2. Estimate physical activity calorie needs,
 Intensity level Physical Activity Factor

Very Light 20% (0.20)
Light 30% (0.30)
Moderate 40% (0.40)
Heavy 50% (0.50)


Total basal metabolism calories = physical activity calories X amount of  physical activity factor (%) = total physical activity calorie needs

3. Estimate calories needs for basal metabolism and physical activity

number of basal metabolism calories

+ number of physical activity calories

= total calories needs

4. Estimate calories for digestion and metabolism of food= amount of calorie needs X 10%(.10) = Total amount of digestion and metabolism calories
5. Estimate total calorie needs =basal metabolism calories +amount of physical activity calories + amount of digestion and metabolism calorie  = Total amount of Calorie Needs




Source:http://www.beginnertriathlete.com/cms/article-detail.asp?articleid=130




If you are looking for ONLINE CALORIE counter click here 


Nutrition facts of Mango
































Nutrirition facts of Yogurt:

















Nutrition facts of Mushrooms:



Popular posts from this blog

IDLI batter became watery friends need your suggestions

Morning while talking  to my hubby, I was adding water into over night fermented Idli batter, while talking I didn't realize how much water I'm adding. Few more water drops spoiled my whole batter. Consistency now is thin. I left it that way in refrigerator. I can make utappam but I want Idli, friends any ideas to repair it?

How to make delicious soft bread buns with self rising flour?

We can play with the bread bun recipe. Every one has their own version of making them. I had experimented with different kinds of recipes and came out with my own recipe which is perfect for making soft buns. These buns are perfect for making sandwich/tea time snack. I love self rising flour and its uses, I had already posted pan cakes and cake with self rising flour. It is very easy to use and yields very fruitful results.
Now coming to recipe






Ingredients:
Makes 8 medium size buns
Milk-1/4cup
Self rising flour-3cups(When measured with 160ml cup)
Salt-1/4tea spoon
Butter-1 cup(melted and measured with 160ml cup)
Egg-1+1 for wash (coat on surface of unbaked bun)
Dry active Yeast-1tbsp
Sugar-2tbsp


Directions:
Add dry active yeast to the warm milk (the milk should be lukewarm i.e., when you insert your finger it should not hurt you), close with lid and keep aside for15min during which the yeast becomes active. Now take a bowl and add self rising flour, salt and sugar. Mix well. Break open egg in a s…

Dhokla with the readymade flour available in the market

Dhokla is one of the dish I always wanted to try, this time I bought some ready made dokla flour form the "Patel brothers" one of the Indian grocery store in our near by area. The ingredients on the pack say that it contains besin (Gram flour) and rice flour. I was little confused, about the kind of ingredients that goes into the recipe. Later I did a little research and came up with my own recipe. It worked, dokla came out wonderfully. I never tasted dokla before, but now after making this yummy and healthy Indian flour cakes, I regret for not tasting them before. Form now dokla always stays in the weekly snack menu of our home.

I feel so dumb sometimes, because I bought dokla flour but forgot the fact that I do not have dokla plates. If your case is same like me, give me "high-5"!! No problem you can use the idli plates instead. Problem solved!  Now coming to the recipe.

Ingredients:
Dokla flour- 1 cup
Curd/ Yogurt-1/2cup
Turmeric-1/4 t.s
Chilli powder-1/4 t.…